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森林之徑,西班牙Roques Blanques公墓擴建區景觀設計 | BATLLE I ROIG

BatlleiRoig 2021-08-20
原創
  • 項目名稱:
    森林之徑——科爾賽羅拉自然公園的Roques Blanques大都會公墓擴建
  • 項目地點:
    巴塞羅那埃爾帕皮奧爾Roques Blanques區
  • 項目規模:
    8,633 m2
  • 設計公司:
  • 委托方:
    GIC–Altima
  • 建成時間:
    2020
  • 圖片來源:
    Jordi Surroca, Batlleiroig

該項目所在白石區(Roques Blanques)公墓位于巴塞羅那埃爾帕皮奧爾市(El Papiol)的科爾賽羅拉自然公園(Collserola Natural Park)內。項目打造了一塊大型狹長的綠色臺地,名為“森林之徑”的步行小徑蜿蜒其間,體現了對科爾賽羅拉公園自然環境的尊重和保護。

The project is located in the Roques Blanques regional cemetery in the municipality of Papiol in Barcelona, within the Collserola Natural Park. The intervention consists of generating a large, very elongated green terrace with a path, the ‘Path of the Forest’. An intervention based on respect and conservation of the environment in the natural setting of the Collserola Park. 


▼視頻

video ? Arquitectura Filmada

▼尊重和保護科爾賽羅拉公園的自然環境

Respecting and conserving the environment in the natural setting of the Collserola Park ? Jordi Surroca

507_01_Jordi Surroca.jpeg

▼用原木、樹枝和泥土建造而成的生態構筑物

A ecological engineering constructions built from logs, branches and earth ? Jordi Surroca

507_05_Jordi Surroca.jpeg


設計團隊利用基于生物工程技術的創新系統,設計了“森林之徑和蝴蝶花園”。埋葬骨灰的構筑物形式新穎且生態友好,與環境十分契合,在一個生物降解周期內能夠100%地降解骨灰。同時它也是護坡結構,在空間的交界處利用技術手段將死亡與生命連接在一起:100%生物降解的骨灰處理方法與森林的自然演替過程,共同組成了場地的雙重“生命框架”。這項設計靈感源于海貍,它們用原木、樹枝和泥土建造的庇護所是真正的生態工程建筑。

An ecological, attractive and suitable construction for the burial of the ashes, which biodegrades 100% in one generation. An innovative system based on bio-engineering applied to the landscape is proposed to create ‘the Forest Path and the Butterfly Garden’. The place where the ashes are deposited is the element of containment of the land. A technical margin that combines dead and living materials: the double ‘living framework’ as a 100% biodegradable solution that adapts to the natural dynamics of the forest. Learning from beavers, who build their shelters from logs, branches and earth, generating true ecological engineering constructions. 


▼埋葬骨灰的構筑物能夠100%地降解骨灰

Burial construction biodegrades 100% in one generation ? Jordi Surroca

507_02_Jordi Surroca.jpeg

▼構筑物起到護坡的作用

The place where the ashes are deposited is the element of containment of the land ? Jordi Surroca

507_03_Jordi Surroca.jpeg

▼設計靈感來自海貍的巢穴

Design inspired by beavers  ? Jordi Surroca

507_07_Jordi Surroca.jpeg

507_06_Jordi Surroca.jpeg

▼適應地形的森林之徑

The Forest Path adapted to the land ? Jordi Surroca

507_04_Jordi Surroca.jpeg

▼森林之徑截面圖

The section of foot path ? batlleiroig
batlleiroig-507_03.jpg


蝴蝶花園是與逝者告別的空間,它借用科爾賽羅拉自然公園豐富的物種資源,營造出充滿生命力的環境。在這個新的群落生境里,植物根系固定土壤并保持水分,植物的枝葉和果實散發氣味,吸引昆蟲和小動物,并為它們提供食物。設計遵循“搖籃到搖籃(Cradle to Cradle)”的理念,致力于實現循環經濟和零碳足跡的景觀,消除廢棄物。項目不僅使現有的森林和自然公園重煥生機,而且還提升了市民自然保護的意識。

The place where to say goodbye to the deceased becomes a Butterfly Garden. An enhancing margin of biodiversity that revitalizes the spaces of use of the Collserola Natural Park. A new biotope for insects and small animals where plant roots fix the soil and retain moisture, and where plants and odors provide food. The design follows ‘Cradle to Cradle’ principles, favoring a circular economy, a zero carbon footprint intervention, generating no residue. Regenerating the existing forest and reactivating life in the natural park, helping to raise awareness among citizens.


▼蝴蝶種類和引蝶植物

The species of butterflies and butterfly plant ? batlleiroig

batlleiroig-507_04.jpg

▼提升生境邊緣的物種多樣性

An enhancing margin of biodiversity ? Jordi Surroca

507_08_Jordi Surroca.jpeg

▼新的群落生境能吸引昆蟲和小動物

A new biotope for insects and small animals ? Jordi Surroca

507_09_Jordi Surroca.jpeg

507_10_Jordi Surroca.jpeg

▼修復計劃使森林重煥生機

The intervention regenerates the existing forest ? Jordi Surroca

507_11_Jordi Surroca.jpeg

▼寧靜的環境讓人們接近自然

Calm atmophere helps citizens to get close to nature ? Jordi Surroca

507_12_Jordi Surroca.jpeg

507_13_Jordi Surroca.jpeg

▼總平面圖

Site plan ? batlleiroig

batlleiroig-507_01.jpg

▼綠色臺地平面圖

Green terrace plan ? batlleiroig

batlleiroig-507_02.jpg



項目基本信息

項目名稱: 森林之徑——科爾賽羅拉自然公園的Roques Blanques大都會公墓擴建

項目地點: 巴塞羅那埃爾帕皮奧爾Roques Blanques區 

項目規模: 8,633 m2

委托方: GIC–Altima

開始到建成時間: 2017-2020

設計團隊: Livia Valentini–建筑,Carmen Guerrero–景觀,Dolors Feu–農藝工程和景觀,Marta Sanz–建筑,Elisabeth Torregrosa,Laura Luque–建筑工程

合作方:Naturalea–生物工程和景觀修復技術咨詢,Cave Terram–環境咨詢,WorldNature–自然保護和環保意識咨詢

承建方:Naturalea, Petit Excavations, SANTIN 景觀園藝

圖片來源:Jordi Surroca, Batlleiroig

Client: GIC - Altima Area: 8.633 m2 Location: Roques Blanques Regional Cemetery, El Papiol, Barcelona Start and finish date: 2017 — 2020 Team: Livia Valentini, Carmen Guerrero - Architects and landscape architects / Dolors Feu - Agricultural engineer and landscape architect / Marta Sanz - Architect / Elisabeth Torregrosa, Laura Luque - Building engineers

Collaborators: Naturalea - Consultant in bioengineering and landscape rehabilitation techniques / Cave Terram - Environmental Consultant / WorldNature - Consultant in nature conservation and environmental awareness Builder: Naturalea, Petit Excavations, SANTIN Gardening and landscape


編譯:申瑞琪

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