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上海太平橋公園景觀設計 | DLC地茂景觀設計

DLC地茂景觀設計 2021-08-23
原創
  • 項目名稱:
    太平橋公園
  • 項目地點:
    上海
  • 設計公司:
  • 委托方:
    黃浦區綠化和市容管理局

Narrative


太平橋公園多年來經歷了行政、社會、經濟和環境等不同層面的影響。正值慶祝中國共產黨成立100周年之際,經過提升改造后煥然一新,成功地成為上海最重要的中心城市公園之一,呈現今天人們所看到和體驗的風貌。

Completed in time to mark China’s 100 year celebration of the founding of the Communist Party of China, Taipingqiao Park’s new look has evolved over the years through layers of administrative, social, economic and environmental momentum that has successfully shaped one of Shanghai’s foremost inner city urban parks into what is seen and experienced today. 

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經過多元層次的影響變化,如今的太平橋公園能在不斷變化的上海都市核心區,以及在人們的日常體驗中,激發探索欲望,促進社區健康、提升生活品質、培養人們的好奇心并鼓勵教育的融入。

Through layers of change, Taipingqiao Park currently evokes a sense of discovery, promotes healthy communities and quality of life, nurtures curiosity and encourages education within everyday experiences at the heart of an evolving Shanghai.


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位于中國上海的太平橋公園,占地4公頃,毗鄰黃浦區(原盧灣區)新天地。因為1921年7月23日中國共產黨第一次全國代表大會會址的擴建,結合 中共一大紀念館建設的契機,得以重新設計和提升改造。

The redesign and renovation of Taipingqiao Park in Shanghai China, a four hectare park adjacent to Xintiandi in Huangpu District (formally Luwan District), has been transformed, in part due to the introduction of the The Museum of the First CPC National Congress, an extension of the Commemorative Exhibition hall where the First National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party was held on July 23, 1921.


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這是一個關于城市轉型的故事,是一個展示城市及其公共空間如何隨著時間的推移而演變的可視化的敘述。它不是由某個個體設計的,而是由行政、社會、經濟、環境等不同層面的力量塑造的,并在一群慶祝城市及其復雜性、矛盾性和約束性的人們的推動下逐漸形成,不斷發展。這是一個關于文化遺產如何成為一種資產,如何增強一個地方特性的故事。

This is a story of urban transformation, a visual narrative demonstrating how the city and it’s urban space evolves over time, designed not by one individual, but born through the momentum of administrative, social, economic and environmental forces and a team of people who celebrate cities and their complexities, contradictions and constraints and promote their continued evolution.  This is a story of how cultural heritage can be an asset that can enhance the identity of a place.


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1921


1921年7月23日,中國共產黨第一次全國代表大會在上海石庫門建筑內召開,地點位于黃浦區原法租界興業路76號 (原望志路106號),毗鄰當今的新天地。由于受到威脅和保密工作的需要,會議被轉移到嘉興南湖的一艘漁船上繼續進行,此次會議的召開宣告了中國共產黨的成立。

The First National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party was held in Shanghai on July 23, 1921 in a Shikumen House, No. 76, Xingye Road (formerly 106, Wangzhi Road) in the (Former French Concession) area of Huangpu District adjacent to present-day Xintiandi.  Due to the threat of harassment and a need for more secrecy, the meeting was relocated to a boat on South Lake in Jiaxing to conclude with the establishment of the Chinese Communist Party.


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1961


中國共產黨成立中華人民共和國12年后,盧灣區(現黃浦區)興業路76號石庫門建筑被改建為中共一大紀念館,以紀念中國共產黨第一次代表大會于1921年7月23日在上海召開。紀念館結合了中國上海歷史性展覽,特別是在這個安靜里弄建筑里發生的關于中國共產黨成立的事件。

Twelve years after the Chinese Communist Party established the People’s Republic of China, The historical Shikumen house at No. 76, Xingye in Luwan District (currently Huangpu District) was converted into a Museum Hall to commemorate where the 1st National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party was held in Shanghai on July 23 1921.  The museum combines historical exhibits of China and Shanghai including the events surrounding the foundation of the Chinese Communist Party that began in this quiet ‘Linong’ lane house.


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1992


“365計劃”是上海市政府發起的一項更新計劃,要求上海市中心的每個區政府提出重建地點。以利潤為導向的重建模式易于實施,但缺少對城市肌理或具有重要歷史意義的城市特性的保存或保護。但是,作為中國共產黨第一次全國代表大會召開的地點,其具有深刻的意義,盧灣區(現黃浦區)太平橋社區成為第一個沒有遵循這種城市更新模式的社區。這后來促進了新天地的重建和太平橋公園的設計,同時,也推動了中國城市內部的保護運動,并影響了政府官員和房地產開發商看待具有重要文化意義和歷史意義的建筑和街區的方式。

The ‘365 Plan’, a regeneration program by the Shanghai Government is launched requiring each district government in Shanghai’s city center to propose a location for reconstruction.  The profit-driven redevelopment model proved easy to implement but had little regard for the preservation or protection of the urban fabric or the historically significant identity of the city. Nevertheless, a Taipingqiao neighborhood in Luwan District (currently Huangpu District) became the first community that did not follow this model of urban regeneration due to the celebrated significance of the site where the 1st National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party was held.  This later resulted into the reconstruction of Xintiandi and creation of Taipingqiao Park.  This also helped launch China’s movement towards inner-city preservation and influenced the way city officials and real estate developers view culturally significant historic buildings and neighborhoods.


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1996


太平橋總體規劃設計已完成,并經上海市政府批準。中國共產黨第一次全國代表大會會址在規劃階段和保護周邊兩個街區方面具有重要的影響力,這兩個街區后來形成“新天地”,在保護和利用傳統“石庫門”式建筑的基礎上,保留上海傳統“里弄”特色,形成具有商業、零售、娛樂組團的歷史風貌街區。東側與之毗鄰的是一處占地4公頃的公園,其中的人工湖設計靈感來自1921年第一次全國代表大會在嘉興南湖的漁船上成立中國共產黨這一歷史事件。

The master plan design of Taipingqiao is completed and approved by the Shanghai Municipal Government.  The The Site of the First CPC National Congress is influential in the planning phase and preservation of a two block area later known as ‘Xintiandi’, a commercial, retail, and entertainment cluster with historic characteristics based on the conservation and utilization of traditional “Shikumen” style architecture in a neighborhood layout known as “Linong”. East and adjacent to Xintiandi a four hectare park is planned with a man-made lake inspired by historic events of 1921 when the First National Congress established the Chinese Communist Party on a boat in Jiaxing South Lake.


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2001


太平橋公園于2000年開工建設,2001年竣工。湖岸區域根據太平橋總體規劃,設計了多種業態;北側是由新建的企業天地所營造的城市商業邊緣,結合不同寬度的步行臺階可直達濱水區域。南側是公園與住宅組團共享的自然邊界,丘陵起伏,植被茂盛。公園西側,有包括“一大會址”在內的歷史保護街區新天地,提供文化和旅游功能;公園的東側是未來地標性商業高層建筑。公園南邊還規劃了一個與 1921 年在嘉興南湖上舉行的歷史性一大會議相呼應的景點——“南湖船”,但最終未呈現。

Construction of Taipingqiao Park was launched in 2000 and completed in 2001.  The areas surrounding each side of the lake are designed with various programs according to Taipingqiao’s overall master plan; the North side, a commercial urban edge bound by the newly created Corporate Avenue has undulating steps that descend in different widths into the water. The South side is the more natural residential border of the park with rolling hills and lush planting. Its West side, the historically preserved district of Xintiandi including the ‘First Congress Hall’, is designated for culture and tourism with the East end of the park, a future landmark commercial high-rise building.  A ‘South Lake ‘boat’ linking to the historical First Congress Hall 1921 meeting on a boat on South Lake in Jiaxing was designed but never implemented.


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2021


為了紀念共產黨成立100周年,中共一大會址進行了擴建,太平橋公園也因此契機得以重新設計和改建,成為了紀念館新的家園。設計面臨的挑戰并非前所未有,公園從1996年的概念提出經歷了不斷的發展,形成了今天的風貌,盡管更具現代性,但或多或少都面臨同類型的挑戰。

The expansion of The Site of the First CPC National Congress in Taipingqiao Park, to mark China’s 100 year celebration of the founding of the Communist Party of China, initiated the redesign and renovation of Taipingqiao Park, the Museums new home.   The design challenges are not new, they are more or less the same type of challenges, albeit now more contemporary, the park has experienced as it evolves since its conception in 1996 into what it is today.  Administrative, social, economic and environmental momentums continued to shape the parks overall function and character when new designs initially began in 2019.


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2021年面臨的挑戰

2021 challenges

文化與商業的分離與融合

-Segregation and blending of the cultural and commercial

將公園融入目前的太平橋總體規劃發展

-Integrating the park into the current Taipingqiao Master Plan Development

經濟效益

-Economics

美學趣味

-Aesthetic

環境友好

-Environmental


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文化與商業的分離與融合

Segregation and blending of the cultural and commercial


文化與商業的融合,是新天地發展的前所未有的一大特色。以里弄街區中保護與利用傳統石庫門建筑為基礎,打造具有歷史特色的零售、娛樂街區。

Blending the cultural and commercial has been previously uniquely accomplished with the development of Xintiandi; a retail and entertainment district with historic characteristics based on the conservation and utilization of traditional Shikumen houses in a Linong neighborhood. 


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太平橋公園商業與文化的融合本質上并非大相徑庭。公園核心區內重新設計新的靈活開放空間,用以繼續舉辦一年一度的上海時裝周和新年音樂會,并為中共一大紀念館建設留出足夠的空間。公園東端靈活的開放草坪可以用于舉辦各種活動,并有空間與條件擴展到濟南路和太平湖的最東端以備使用。當需要更大型的場地來開展活動時,安裝的可調節水壩可將湖中的小部分水體抽到另一側。

The merging of the commercial and cultural in Taipingqiao Park is not entirely much different.  New flexible open space to allow the continued hosting of the annual Shanghai Fashion Week and New Year Concerts are redesigned within the parks core to segregate and make room for the new location of the Museum of the First CPC National Congress. Festivities are relocated to an open flexible lawn on the east end of the park for events with room to expand over Jinan Road and the far eastern tip of the lake.  A retractable dam has been installed so that only a small part of the lake  would be recycled if events spill over.


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湖中央設計了高科技全息投影燈光噴泉,可滿足不同的商業和文化活動的需求。

A long computerized music and light fountain is added in the middle of the lake that could accommodate both commercial and cultural needs depending on the events held. 


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規劃的整體性

Master Plan Integration


經上海市政府批準的太平橋總體規劃設計從規劃建設到現在已有25年了。就像所有的城市空間一樣,由于持續的、不可預測的經濟和社會趨勢,太平橋區域今天已經成為一個與10年或15年前大不相同的,具有無限活力的社區。

The master plan design of Taipingqiao as approved by the Shanghai Municipal Government is near completion marking a 25 year span since its inception.  Due to continued unpredictable economic and social trends, Taipingqiao has become a much different community today than it was say 10 or 15 years ago as it evolves, as urban space normally do, into the dynamism it is today.  


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將公園與東端的新商業發展連接起來的計劃預計在2024年完成。新天地和新紀念館通過聯通的水景、協調一致的鋪裝材料、行道樹、更加豐富多彩的種植群落、燈具照明和一系列長凳和低矮的擋墻座椅等,能容納更多戶外享用午餐和夜晚前來休憩的人群。

Efforts to connect the park with the new commercial development on its east end, scheduled to be completed in 2024, with Xintiandi and the Museum of the First CPC National Congress are made through the design of connecting water features and the use of consistent paving materials, street trees, a more colorful planting pallet, lighting and a series of built in benches and low sitting walls to accommodate a larger and more outdoor appreciating lunch and evening crowd.


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經濟效益

Economics


為了提高地區的特性,我們考慮了預算和投資需求之間的平衡。特別是意識到會有更多的人群將被吸引到這個擁有互動水景,季節性色彩的美麗的公園和重要的文化紀念館的區域。

The balance between budget and the need to invest in enhancing the identity of a place is considered, especially when understanding that more crowds will be attracted to a beautiful park with interactive water features, seasonal color and an important cultural museum. 


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園區內設置了優先投資的區域,在公園南端的住宅區內鋪設更為經濟的紅磚路面和開放式草坪,以降低整體成本。

Zones of investment priorities are set within the park to minimize the overall cost impact with less expensive red brick pavers and open rolling lawns within the residential south end of the park.


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而公園北端的商業區則使用黃色花崗巖鋪地臺階和木凳,以及更高質量的石材鋪裝和成熟的開花樹木,與中共一大紀念館的重要性相匹配。

Yellow granite paving steps and timber benches for the commercial north end of the park and higher quality stone pavers and mature flowering trees are to commensurate the importance of the Museum of the First CPC National Congress.




美學趣味

Aesthetics


中國共產黨一大紀念館已成為太平橋公園內的一個焦點,太平橋公園及其太平湖也成為太平橋區域總體規劃的獨特地標。

The Museum of the First CPC National Congress has become a focal point within Taipingqiao Park with the park and its lake a unique landmark identity for the Taipingqiao master plan. 


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隨著時間的推移,太平橋公園已成功打造成為上海最重要的內城城市公園之一。色彩繽紛的路面鋪磚、定制的木凳和低矮的磚墻,都有助于鼓勵社會交往互動,結合色彩繽紛的跳躍水景,季節性豐富多彩的種植以及蜿蜒的湖畔小徑,鼓勵人們參與社交活動、休閑和娛樂,并有助于強化城市的生活品質、強調身心健康的重要性。

Over time, Taipingqiao Park has been successfully shaped into one of Shanghai’s foremost inner city urban parks.  Colorful paving materials, custom timber benches and low sitting brick walls that encourage social interaction, colorful jumping water features, a seasonal colorful planting pallet and the undulating character of the lake and paths encourages social activities, recreation and entertainment and help emphasize the importance of a city’s quality of life, its health and wellness. 


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環境友好

Environmental


全新的提升太平橋公園的適應性與可持續性的方法,包括增加透水鋪裝,采集實木,構建可持續的排水系統和軟化湖區北面減少硬質邊緣的應用。原來主導場地商業邊界的波浪狀延續的硬質臺階,在新的設計中被分為疊落的種植池,配合休息座椅,用以鼓勵市民在湖岸交流互動。

A new sensitive and sustainable approach to Taipingqiao Park’s upgrades include the addition of permeable paving materials, farmed hard woods, sustainable drainage systems and a softer, less urban northern edge of the lake.  The undulating urban steps that previously dominated the commercial edge are now broken into cascading planting beds with benches that encourage social interaction down to the water line. 


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公園在中國人口快速增長的城市中發揮著越來越重要的作用. 政府官員和開發商們都已明白,城市公園帶來的諸多積極的社會效益,有助于增加城市生物多樣性,減少城市熱島效應,改善空氣和水環境質量。顯然,中共一大紀念館和它所在的公園一樣,都融合了對于未來的積極的展望。

Parks are playing an increasingly important role in China’s fast growing urban population.  City officials and developers understand that urban parks help bring positive social benefits, increase urban biodiversity, contribute to the reduction of urban heat island effect and improve air and water quality. It makes perfect sense that the the Museum of the First CPC National Congress shares a positive outlook towards the future as the park it sits in.


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Conclusion


我們被最好的公共空間所吸引,不是因為我們必須去那里,而是因為我們想去。好的空間所呈現的城市街道、廣場,體現了城市社區的形式及其營造的舒適體驗。它們是為活動而設計的場所,旨在將人們聚集在一起,同時和環境所提供的條件互動并做出反應,是人們遠離喧囂、追求浪漫、孕育夢想、激發行動和深入觀察的地方。這正體現了太平橋公園在過去 20 年里的演變,它并不是由某個個體設計的,而是由外部動力塑造并在一群慶祝城市及其復雜性、矛盾性和約束性的人們的推動下逐漸形成,不斷地發展的。這是一個關于文化遺產如何成為一種資產,如何增強一個地方特性的故事。

We are attracted to the best of public spaces, not because we have to go there, but because we want to be there.  A great space is one that is representative of the city with its streets, plazas and squares embodying the form and comfort of urban communities. They are settings for activity that bring people together to react and interact to what the built environment has to offer and are places for escape, romance, dreaming, acting and observing.  This is exactly what Taipingqiao Park has evolved into over the last 20 years; designed not by one individual, but born through layers of external momentum and a team of people who celebrate cities and their complexities, contradictions and constraints and promote their continued evolution.  This is a story of how cultural heritage as an asset can enhance the identity of a place.


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項目信息

太平橋公園合作單位:

TPQ park consultancy list:

Client 業主:

Huangpu District Landscaping & City Appearance Administrative Bureau黃浦區綠化和市容管理局

Developer 代建單位:

Shui On Land Limited瑞安房地產有限公司

Taipingqiao Master Plan (1996) 太平橋公園總規劃:

Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP,SOM

SOM建筑設計事務所

Chief Architect Xintiandi (2001) 新天地總建筑師:

Ben Wood Studio Shanghai

伍德佳帕塔設計咨詢(上海)有限公司

Landscape Architect (2001) 景觀設計咨詢:

Peter Walker and Partners

彼得?沃克合伙人景觀設計事務所

2021 Team:

2021團隊 :

Landscape Architect (2021) 景觀設計咨詢:

Design Land Collaborative Ltd (DLC)

地茂景觀設計咨詢(上海)有限公司

Landscape LDI 景觀施工圖設計:

East China Architectural Design &Research Institute Co., Ltd

華東建筑設計研究院有限公司

Lighting Consultant 照明設計顧問:

UNOLAI DESIGN & ASSOCIATES

十聿照明設計

Hardscape Contractor 硬景施工單位:

Shanghai Zhongsheng Construction Co. Ltd

上海仲盛建設有限公司

Softscape Contractor 綠化施工單位:

Shanghai Jinrui Construction development Co. Ltd

上海金銳建設發展有限公司

Water feature Consultant 水景建造顧問:

Shanghai Water Art Technology Co. Ltd

上海星一環境科技有限公司

Structure of Lake bottom & installation :

湖底結構及安裝單位:

Shanghai Construction No.1(Group)Co., Ltd

上海建工一建集團有限公司

The Museum of the First CPC National Congress Consultancy List:

中共一大紀念館合作單位:

The Museum of the First CPC National Congress Architecture:

中共一大紀念館建筑設計:

East China Architectural Design &Research Institute Co. Ltd

華東建筑設計研究院有限公司

Planting LDI 本地設計院軟景咨詢:

TRIONES Landscape Design Engineering Co., Ltd

上海北斗星景觀設計工程有限公司

Hardscape Contractor 硬景施工單位:

Shanghai Construction No.4(Group)Co., Ltd

上海建工四建集團有限公司

Softscape Contractor 綠化施工單位:

Shanghai Gardens Group Co. Ltd

上海市園林集團



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